How to Install Ubundu Linux

സ്കൂളിൽ ഉപയോഗിക്കുന്ന it@school ഉബുണ്ടു ലിനക്സ് എങ്ങനെ കമ്പ്യൂട്ടറിൽ ഇൻസ്റ്റാൾ ചെയ്യാം ..PDF ഫയൽ ലഭിക്കാൻ ചുവടെ ഉള്ള ലിങ്കിൽ ക്ലിക്ക് ചെയ്യുക .


ഐ.ടി.@ സ്കൂള്‍ Ubuntu 10.04 ഓപ്പറേറ്റിങ്ങ് സിസ്റ്റത്തില്‍ കീബോര്‍ഡ് മാതൃഭാഷയില്‍ ക്രമീകരിക്കുന്ന വിധം
പാനലിലെ System---> Preference ---> Keyboard എന്ന ക്രമത്തില്‍ ക്ലിക്ക് ചെയ്യുക. അപ്പോള്‍ Keyboard Preferences ജാലകം ദൃശ്യമാകും.

select "Layout"

click "ADD" button

Click "By country " and select "India" and press "Add"

click "By language" and select "Malayalam" Press "Add"

select "USA" or "Ind" open word processing soft ware and type.....

Linux Basic Commands 

For changing directory / to /etc
[root@pc1 /]# cd /etc
One step back /etc to /
[root@pc1 etc]# cd ..
Go to previous working directory
[root@pc1 /]# cd -
Go to current login user home directory
[root@pc1 etc]# cd ~
Show the contents of /etc in single color
[root@pc1 ~]#  dir  /etc
Show the contents of /etc in different colors with nature of contents
[root@pc1 ~]#  Ls  /etc
create a folder on root partition
[root@pc1  ~]#  mkdir  /disk
Create a folder in /disk
[root@pc1  ~]#  mkdir  /disk/dir
Create multiple folder in multiple directories with single command
[root@pc1  ~]#  mkdir  /etc/dir1 /var/dir2 /usr/dir3
Create multiple folder in same directory
[root@pc1  ~]#  mkdir  dir1 dir2 dir3
Copy a file in directory
[root@pc1  disk]#  cp  file dir
Copy a file from /disk/file and paste it in /disk/dir/
[root@pc1  disk]#  cp  /disk/file /disk/dir
Copy a directory with –r option
[root@pc1  disk]#  cp  -r  dir  dir2
Copy a file from /disk/file and paste it in /etc with myfile name
[root@pc1  disk]#  cp  /disk/file  /etc/myfile
Remove a file
[root@pc1  disk]#  rm file
Remove a file with forcefully option
[root@pc1  disk]#  rm –f  file
Remove a directory with out –r option and you face will an error
[root@pc1  disk]#  rm dir
Remove a directory with –r option
[root@pc1  disk]#  rm  -r  /disk
Remove a directory with forcefully option
[root@pc1  disk]#  rm  -rf  dir
Move /etc/dir1 to /disk/ with different name
[root@pc1  disk]#  mv  /etc/dir1  /disk/mydir

Useful Mozilla Firefox shortcuts keys
Shortcut keys                        Action 
CTRL+A                     Selects the all items on active page
CTRL+B                     Display the "Organize Bookmarks" dialog box
CTRL+D                     Include the active page to your Bookmarks list
CTRL+F                     Display the "Find" dialog box to search text
CTRL+I                      Display the Bookmarks pane
CTRL+H                     Display the History sidebar of Mozilla Firefox
CTRL+N                     Use to open new Mozilla Firefox page
CTRL+P                     Use to print the active web page
CTRL+R                     Use to reload the active web page
CTRL+T                     Display a new Tab in active Firefox window
CTRL+U                     View the source code of active web page
CTRL+W                    Closes the active Mozilla Firefox window
CTRL++                     Use to increase the font size of active page
CTRL+ -                    Use to decrease the font size of active page
CTRL+Tab                  Move to next Tab in Mozilla Firefox
ALT+Home                 Use to open the home page of internet explorer
ALT+Left Arrow           Go to previous page of active page
ALT+Right Arrow          Go to next page of active page
ALT+B                       Go to Mozilla Firefox Favorites Menu
ALT+D                       Go to address bar of current Firefox page
ALT+E                       Go to Mozilla Firefox Edit Menu
ALT+F                       Go to Mozilla Firefox File Menu
ALT+S                       Go to Mozilla Firefox History Menu
ALT+T                       Go to Mozilla Firefox Tools Menu
ALT+V                       Go to Mozilla Firefox View Menu 
Tab                           Move forward between all items on active web page 
F5                             Refresh the active web page
F7                             F7 activate the cursor to move with keyboard 
CTRL+SHIFT+DEL         Use to clear all Private Data history 
CTRL+SHIFT+D            Use to Bookmarks all Firefox Tab

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